Saturday, October 1, 2022

2002 | Istoria Cupei Mondiale din Japonia şi Coreea de Sud

Date:

Cea de-a 17-a Cupă Mondială s-a disputat în Coreea de Sud și Japonia între 31 mai și 30 iunie. Pentru prima dată, turneul Cupei Mondiale a avut loc în Asia și pentru prima dată a fost gazda împărțită de două națiuni. Un total de 199 de națiuni, un record, au fost implicate în calificare. În cele din urmă, 32 de echipe vor concura în turneul final (inclusiv cele trei națiuni calificate automat – ambele națiuni gazdă plus campionii în vigoare). China, Ecuador, Senegal și Slovenia au intrat pentru prima dată în turneu.

fundal
Coreea de Sud sau Japonia au fost candidați cu greu evidente ca gazde pentru cel mai mare turneu de fotbal din lume. În loc să aducă acțiunea într-un loc asociat cu tradiția fotbalului, motivul alegerii s-a bazat în principal pe o încercare de a extinde jocul pe o nouă piață cu miliarde de oameni.

Format
S-a păstrat același model ca la turneul precedent. O primă etapă constând în joc în grupe, două echipe din opt grupe ar urma să joace în faza eliminatorie constând din patru runde.

Orașe și arene
Meciurile se vor juca pe zece stadioane din Coreea de Sud și zece stadioane din Japonia. Finala se va disputa pe International Stadium Yokohama din orașul japonez Yokohama. Acesta a fost și stadionul cu cea mai mare capacitate (70.000).

Tournament
The French team that had won the previous World Cup had also won the latest European Championship and arrived as one of the favorites. France was, however, diluted by injuries on the two key players Zinedine Zidane (that would join the team in the third game) and Robert Pires. The road for another victory would, however turn into a large fiasco. It began in the first match against Senegal – a former French colony which national team consisted of players belonging to the French clubs, among some were in the second division. Senegal won and France would be placed last in the group with only one point and no scored goals.

The French failure was one of many great failures in FIFA World Cup 2002. Perhaps the biggest favorites before the tournament, Argentina, didn’t go through to the knockout stage. The analyses could conclude that Argentina had had more possessions and more corners than any other team. Despite that, the team managed only to score twice, what may have been because of a tactical formation that made them easy to defend against.

Portugal would meet the same destiny as Argentine whereas Italy would be eliminated directly in the knockout phase against the sensation South Korea.

South Korea would be the greatest sensation. After defeating Italy, they eliminated Spain in the Quarter-finals and until the saga ended with a 0-1 defeat in the Semi-finals. The marvelous success for this completely unknown team would also be seen plenty disaffection. Some felt that the team had been favored by the referees and especially would the game against Spain – with two goals for Spain rejected – be controversial.

The final would be played by the two superpowers in the game, Brazil and Germany, whom strangely enough never before had faced each other in a World Cup match. Germany was once again in a final without impressing especially much in the tournament so far, and furthermore was one of their most important players, Michael Ballack, secluded in the final.

A remaining impression in hindsight was that the great teams and the great players performed at the expected level. One plausible reason was that they were tired already before the start of the tournament. The numbers of matches in the World Cup qualifications and also in the big European club tournaments had also increased in numbers of games. The reason behind was the money to could be made from matches for media companies and other involved organizers. When it was time for the biggest event on earth the main attractions (e.i. the star players) were unfortunately not always in the best shape.

Stats
FIFA World Cup 2002 would include 64 matches in which 161 goals were made (2,52 goals per match).

Results
France would beat Brazil in the final with 3-0, the biggest goal difference in a World Cup final since 1958.
Statistici
FIFA World Cup 2002 ar include 64 de meciuri în care s-au marcat 161 de goluri (2,52 goluri pe meci).

Rezultate
Franța ar învinge Brazilia în finală cu 3-0, cea mai mare diferență de goluri într-o finală a Cupei Mondiale din 1958.

Grupa A
Franța – Senegal 0–1
Uruguay – Danemarca 1–2
Franța – Uruguay 0–0
Danemarca – Senegal 1–1
Danemarca – Franța 2–0
Senegal – Uruguay 3–3

Grupa B
Paraguay – Africa de Sud 2–2
Spania – Slovenia 3–1
Spania – Paraguay 3–1
Africa de Sud – Slovenia 1–0
Africa de Sud – Spania 2–3
Slovenia – Paraguay 1–3

Grupa C
Brazilia – Turcia 2–1
China – Costa Rica 0–2
Brazilia – China 4–0
Costa Rica – Turcia 1–1
Costa Rica – Brazilia 2–5
Turcia – China 3–0

Grupa D
Coreea de Sud – Polonia 2–0
Statele Unite – Portugalia 3–2
Coreea de Sud – Statele Unite 1–1
Portugalia – Polonia 4–0
Portugalia – Coreea de Sud 0–1
Polonia – Statele Unite 3–1

Grupa E
Irlanda – Camerun 1–1
Germania – Arabia Saudită 8–0
Germania – Irlanda 1–1
Camerun – Arabia Saudită 1–0
Camerun – Germania 0–2
Arabia Saudită – Irlanda 0–3

Grupa F
Anglia – Suedia 1–1
Argentina – Nigeria 1–0
Suedia – Nigeria 2–1
Argentina – Anglia 0–1
Suedia – Argentina 1–1
Nigeria – Anglia 0–0

Grupa G
Croația – Mexic 0–1
Italia – Ecuador 2–0
Italia – Croația 1–2
Mexic – Ecuador 2–1
Mexic – Italia 1–1
Ecuador – Croația 1–0

Grupa H
Japonia – Belgia 2–2
Rusia – Tunisia 2–0
Japonia – Rusia 1–0
Tunisia – Belgia 1–1
Tunisia – Japonia 0–2
Belgia – Rusia 3–2

Etapa de 16
Germania – Paraguay 1–0
Danemarca – Anglia 0–3
Senegal – Suedia 2–1 (Goal de Aur)
Spania – Irlanda 1–1 a.e.t penalty-uri 3–2
Mexic – Statele Unite 0–2
Brazilia – Belgia 2–0
Japonia – Turcia 0–1
Coreea de Sud – Italia 2–1 (Gol de Aur)

Sferturi de finala
Anglia – Brazilia 1–2
Germania – Statele Unite 1–0
Coreea de Sud – Spania 0–0 a.e.t penalty-uri 5–3
Senegal – Turcia 0–1 (Gol de Aur)

Semifinale
Germania – Coreea de Sud 1–0
Brazilia – Turcia 1–0

Meci pe locul trei
Coreea de Sud – Turcia 2–3

Final
Germania – Brazilia 0–2

FIRST PHASE

Group A
31- 5-02  Seoul        France           0-1 Senegal
 1- 6-02  Ulsan        Uruguay          1-2 Denmark
 6- 6-02  Daegu        Denmark          1-1 Senegal
 6- 6-02  Busan        France           0-0 Uruguay
11- 6-02  Suwon        Senegal          3-3 Uruguay
11- 6-02  Incheon      Denmark          2-0 France

 1.DENMARK          3  2  1  0   5- 2  7
 2.SENEGAL          3  1  2  0   5- 4  5
 3.Uruguay          3  0  2  1   4- 5  2
 4.France           3  0  1  2   0- 3  1

Group B
 2- 6-02  Busan        Paraguay         2-2 South Africa
 2- 6-02  Gwangju      Spain            3-1 Slovenia
 7- 6-02  Jeonju       Spain            3-1 Paraguay
 8- 6-02  Daegu        South Africa     1-0 Slovenia
12- 6-02  Daejeon      South Africa     2-3 Spain
12- 6-02  Seogwipo     Slovenia         1-3 Paraguay

 1.SPAIN            3  3  0  0   9- 4  9
 2.PARAGUAY         3  1  1  1   6- 6  4
 3.South Africa     3  1  1  1   5- 5  4
 4.Slovenia         3  0  0  3   2- 7  0

Group C
 3- 6-02  Ulsan        Brazil           2-1 Turkey
 4- 6-02  Gwangju      China            0-2 Costa Rica
 8- 6-02  Seogwipo     Brazil           4-0 China
 9- 6-02  Incheon      Costa Rica       1-1 Turkey
13- 6-02  Suwon        Costa Rica       2-5 Brazil
13- 6-02  Seoul        Turkey           3-0 China

 1.BRAZIL           3  3  0  0  11- 3  9
 2.TURKEY           3  1  1  1   5- 3  4
 3.Costa Rica       3  1  1  1   5- 6  4
 4.China            3  0  0  3   0- 9  0

Group D
 4- 6-02  Busan        South Korea      2-0 Poland
 5- 6-02  Suwon        USA              3-2 Portugal
10- 6-02  Daegu        South Korea      1-1 USA
10- 6-02  Jeonju       Portugal         4-0 Poland
14- 6-02  Incheon      Portugal         0-1 South Korea
14- 6-02  Daejeon      Poland           3-1 USA

 1.SOUTH KOREA      3  2  1  0   4- 1  7
 2.USA              3  1  1  1   5- 6  4
 3.Portugal         3  1  0  2   6- 4  3
 4.Poland           3  1  0  2   3- 7  3

Group E
 1- 6-02  Niigata      Ireland          1-1 Cameroon
 1- 6-02  Sapporo      Germany          8-0 Saudi Arabia
 5- 6-02  Ibaraki      Germany          1-1 Ireland
 6- 6-02  Saitama      Cameroon         1-0 Saudi Arabia
11- 6-02  Shizuoka     Cameroon         0-2 Germany
11- 6-02  Yokohama     Saudi Arabia     0-3 Ireland

 1.GERMANY          3  2  1  0  11- 1  7
 2.IRELAND          3  1  2  0   5- 2  5
 3.Cameroon         3  1  1  1   2- 3  4
 4.Saudi Arabia     3  0  0  3   0-12  0

Group F
 2- 6-02  Ibaraki      Argentina        1-0 Nigeria
 2- 6-02  Saitama      England          1-1 Sweden
 7- 6-02  Kobe         Sweden           2-1 Nigeria
 7- 6-02  Sapporo      Argentina        0-1 England
12- 6-02  Miyagi       Sweden           1-1 Argentina
12- 6-02  Osaka        Nigeria          0-0 England

 1.SWEDEN           3  1  2  0   4- 3  5
 2.ENGLAND          3  1  2  0   2- 1  5
 3.Argentina        3  1  1  1   2- 2  4
 4.Nigeria          3  0  1  2   1- 3  1

Group G
 3- 6-02  Niigata      Croatia          0-1 Mexico
 3- 6-02  Sapporo      Italy            2-0 Ecuador
 8- 6-02  Ibaraki      Italy            1-2 Croatia
 9- 6-02  Miyagi       Mexico           2-1 Ecuador
13- 6-02  Oita         Mexico           1-1 Italy
13- 6-02  Yokohama     Ecuador          1-0 Croatia

 1.MEXICO           3  2  1  0   4- 2  7
 2.ITALY            3  1  1  1   4- 3  4
 3.Croatia          3  1  0  2   2- 3  3
 4.Ecuador          3  1  0  2   2- 4  3

Group H
 4- 6-02  Saitama      Japan            2-2 Belgium
 5- 6-02  Kobe         Russia           2-0 Tunisia
 9- 6-02  Yokohama     Japan            1-0 Russia
10- 6-02  Oita         Tunisia          1-1 Belgium
14- 6-02  Osaka        Tunisia          0-2 Japan
14- 6-02  Shizuoka     Belgium          3-2 Russia

 1.JAPAN            3  2  1  0   5- 2  7
 2.BELGIUM          3  1  2  0   6- 5  5
 3.Russia           3  1  0  2   4- 4  3
 4.Tunisia          3  0  1  2   1- 5  1


1/8 FINALS

15- 6-02  Seogwipo     Germany          1-0 Paraguay

15- 6-02  Niigata      Denmark          0-3 England

16- 6-02  Oita         Sweden           1-2 Senegal         [asdet]

16- 6-02  Suwon        Spain            1-1 Ireland         [asdet]
Spain won 3-2 on penalties

17- 6-02  Jeonju       Mexico           0-2 USA

17- 6-02  Kobe         Brazil           2-0 Belgium

18- 6-02  Miyagi       Japan            0-1 Turkey

18- 6-02  Daejeon      South Korea      2-1 Italy           [asdet]


QUARTERFINALS

21- 6-02  Shizuoka     England          1-2 Brazil

21- 6-02  Ulsan        Germany          1-0 USA

22- 6-02  Gwangju      Spain            0-0 South Korea     [asdet]
South Korea won 5-3 on penalties

22- 6-02  Osaka        Senegal          0-1 Turkey          [asdet]


SEMIFINALS

25- 6-02  Seoul        Germany          1-0 South Korea

26- 6-02  Saitama      Brazil           1-0 Turkey


THIRD PLACE MATCH

29- 6-02  Daegu        South Korea      2-3 Turkey


FINAL

Yokohama, June 30, 2002
Brazil           2-0 Germany

Brazil: Marcos, Lúcio, Edmílson, Roque Júnior, Cafu, Kléberson, 
        Ronaldinho (85' Juninho Paulista), Gilberto Silva,
        Roberto Carlos, Rivaldo, Ronaldo (90' Denílson)
Germany: Kahn, Linke, Ramelow, Metzelder, Frings, Schneider,
         Jeremies (77' Asamoah), Hamann, Bode (84' Ziege),
         Neuville, Klose (74' Bierhoff)

Referee: Collina (Italy)
Attendance: 69,029.

Scorers: 67' Ronaldo 1-0; 79' Ronaldo 2-0.

Topscorer: Ronaldo (Brazil) 8 goals.

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